News

Journal of Archaeological Science July 2020

Integrated stable isotopic and radiocarbon analyses of Neolithic and Bronze Age hunter-gatherers from the Little Sea and Upper Lena micro-regions, Cis-Baikal, Siberia

White JA, Schulting RJ, Lythe A, Hommel P, Bronk Ramsey C, Moiseyev V, Khartanovich V, Weber AW

The Lake Baikal region of southern Siberia has a rich mortuary record that has provided the most comprehensive isotopic database for palaeodietary studies of north-temperate hunter-gatherers in the world, permitting more detailed reconstructions and finer-grained research questions than are usually possible. Building on previous work, this study contributes new δ13C, δ15N, and AMS radiocarbon dating results from the cemeteries of Verkholensk (n = 44) in the Upper Lena River micro-region and Ulan-Khada (n = 19) in the Little Sea micro-region. Our results [...]

2020-06-30T10:42:13-06:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , , |
Science Advances September 2019

Alyssa White article published in Journal of Archaeological Science

Leipe C, Long T, Sergusheva EA, Wagner M, Tarasov PE

Congratulations to Alyssa White on her recent article published in the Journal of Archaeological Science! Mrs. White is currently a DPhil student at the University of Oxford under the supervision of Dr. Rick Schulting and Dr. Mark Hudson. This paper is based on Alyssa’s Master’s work for the BAP. She would like to acknowledge Andrew Lythe (another M.Sc. student from the year after her) whose research is also highlighted in the paper. He is currently a graduate student [...]

2020-06-29T16:19:40-06:00Categories: News|Tags: , , , |

Dr. Andrzej Weber interviewed for Faculty of Arts News, University of Alberta

Dr. Andrzej Weber recently gave an interview to the Faculty of Arts, and the story is now up on Arts News. It will also be shared on social media, and be included in Anthology and the University of Alberta’s alumni newsletter Work of Arts Express. Title: Discovery helps international team of researchers better understand changes experienced by hunter-gatherers over hundreds of thousands of years Led by Faculty of Arts’ archaeologist Andrzej Weber, two decades of research yields fresh insight into [...]

2019-03-18T10:47:42-06:00Categories: News, Media & Public Outreach|Tags: |

Dr. Andrzej Weber granted title of Honorary Professor of Irkutsk State University!

Congratulations to Dr. Andrzej Weber, BAP Project Director, who was recently granted the title of “Honorary Professor of Irkutsk State University” in recognition of his contribution to academic cooperation! Dr. Weber states “it was a huge surprise but so nice! :-)” Dr. Weber also gave a public lecture on Saturday, February 16, at the Irkutsk State University entitled “25 years of joint research by the Russian-Canadian archaeological expedition on Lake Baikal”. The lecture was filmed and is posted on Facebook [...]

2019-03-15T11:59:13-06:00Categories: News|Tags: |

Dr. Andrzej Weber gives public lecture at the Vancouver Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Andrzej Weber gave a public lecture at the Vancouver Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada on December 1, 2018. Location: The University of British Columbia - Lecture Hall No. 2, Woodward Instructional Resources Centre (2194 Health Sciences Mall) Title: Climate Change and Middle Holocene hunter-gatherers of the Baikal region in Siberia https://globalreportingcentre.org/climate-change-and-problem-solving-amongst-prehistoric-hunter-gatherers-a-case-study-from-lake-baikal/ Since 1916, the Vancouver Institute (https://globalreportingcentre.org/vancouver-institute/) has brought the University of British Columbia and Vancouver community together through free public lectures and discussions. Driven by volunteer membership and [...]

2019-03-15T12:01:53-06:00Categories: News, Media & Public Outreach|Tags: |
Radiocarbon October 2018

Using δ2H in Human Bone Collagen to Correct for Freshwater 14C Reservoir Offsets: A Pilot Study from Shamanka II, Lake Baikal, Southern Siberia

Schulting RJ, Snoeck C, Begley I, Brookes S, Bazaliiskii VI, Ramsey CB, Weber AW

There is increasing awareness of the need to correct for freshwater as well as marine reservoir effects when undertaking radiocarbon (14C) dating of human remains. Here, we explore the use of stable hydrogen isotopes (δ2H), alongside the more commonly used stable carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen isotopes (δ15N), for correcting 14C freshwater reservoir offsets in 10 paired human-faunal dates from graves at the prehistoric cemetery of Shamanka II, Lake Baikal, southern Siberia. Excluding one individual showing no offset, the average [...]

2020-03-03T11:32:24-07:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , , |

Dr. Ian Scharlotta articles published in AJHB and IJO

Great news! Ian Scharlotta, Gwenaelle Goude, Estelle Herrscher, Vladimir Bazaliiskii, and Andrzej Weber recently had 2 articles published! Info below. First paper published in the American Journal of Human Biology. Title: "Mind the gap"-Assessing methods for aligning age determination and growth rate in multi-molar sequences of dietary isotopic data. Abstract: Objectives: Creating multi‐tooth sequences of micro‐sampled stable isotope (SI) analytical data can help track 20+ years of individual dietary history. Inferences about individual and population level behavioral patterns require [...]

2020-06-30T11:23:50-06:00Categories: News|Tags: , , , |
International Journal of Osteoarchaeology September/October 2018

Shifting weaning practices in Early Neolithic Cis‐Baikal, Siberia: New insights from stable isotope analysis of molar micro‐samples

Scharlotta I, Goude G, Herrscher E, Bazaliiskii VI, Weber AW

Reconstructing individual dietary histories at Shamanka II, an Early Neolithic (7000–5700 cal. BP) Kitoi hunter‐gatherer cemetery in Cis‐Baikal, Siberia, revealed surprising intrapopulation variability in childhood diets. Stable isotope analytical data produced by micro‐sampled first molars identified changes in both the timing and rate of weaning for different individuals. Further, examination within the framework of a high‐resolution radiocarbon chronology identified shifting practices between two phases of cemetery use, and additional links with mortuary treatment that indicates differences relating to group [...]

2020-06-30T11:00:20-06:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , , |
American Journal of Human Biology 20 August 2018

“Mind the gap”—Assessing methods for aligning age determination and growth rate in multi‐molar sequences of dietary isotopic data

Scharlotta I, Goude G, Herrscher E, Bazaliiskii VI, Weber AW

Creating multi‐tooth sequences of micro‐sampled stable isotope (SI) analytical data can help track 20+ years of individual dietary history. Inferences about individual and population level behavioral patterns require cross‐calibration of the timing of dietary changes recorded by each tooth. Dentin sections from contemporaneous tissues (eg, in M1 and M2) reflect dietary signature for the time of growth. Contemporary sections should produce similar values, allowing alignment of temporally overlapping portions of teeth into multi‐tooth sequences. Published methods for determining [...]

2020-06-30T11:01:08-06:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , , |
Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports August 2018

Evaluating sodium hydroxide usage for stable isotope analysis of prehistoric human tooth dentine

van der Haas VM, Garvie-Lok S, Bazaliiskii VI, Weber AW

Analyzing carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes (δ13C and δ15N) in serial samples of human tooth dentine can aid in reconstructing life history events such as weaning and diet. As dentine does not remodel after formation, it retains the isotopic signatures of the foods ingested during a tooth's development, allowing investigation of the diet consumed during this time. Microsampling human archaeological tissues is becoming increasingly popular but no consensus has been reached on the best method to remove soil humates from such small [...]

2019-12-03T12:18:05-07:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , |