Bazaliiskii

Rebecca Bourgeois and Lauren Michelman present at Canadian Association for Physical Anthropology Annual Meetings

BAP was well represented by our University of Saskatchewan graduate students at the Canadian Association for Physical Anthropology 47th Annual Meetings held in Banff, Alberta, October 23-26, 2019. Rebecca Bourgeois presented a poster entitled: “Reconstructing Moy-Novaia-Shamanka, Siberia, Russia: Preliminary Analysis.” Rebecca L. Bourgeois, Angela R. Lieverse, Hugh G. McKenzie, Vladimir I. Bazaliiskii. Lauren Michelman presented a poster entitled: “Harris lines as indicators of physiological stress in the middle Holocene Cis-Baikal.” Lauren M. Michelman, Angela R. Lieverse. Link to Meeting: [...]

2019-11-18T12:17:24-07:00Categories: News|Tags: , , , , |

Special Issue of Quaternary International with Pavel Tarasov as Guest Editor has been recently published!

Great news coming out of Germany! The new Special Issue of Quaternary International entitled "Climate change and human-environment interaction from Neolithic to historical times" with Pavel Tarasov as Guest Editor has been recently published. The Special Issue (Quaternary International 516 (2019) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2019.06.004 contains a number of interesting articles. Among them three articles represent research of the current BAP members and cooperation partners. Leipe, C., Kobe, F., Müller, S., 2019. Testing the performance of sodium polytungstate and lithium heteropolytungstate as non-toxic [...]

2019-07-19T09:28:27-06:00Categories: News|Tags: , |

An innovative method to visualise mastoiditis using a hand-held X-ray system

Objective: We explore the utility of using a hand-held X-ray system to diagnose mastoiditis in archaeological populations. Materials: A sample (n = 56) of hunter-fisher-gatherers from the Early Neolithic (8,000–7,000/6,800 cal. BP) Cis-Baikal cemetery of Shamanka II (Russia) were examined. Methods: Images were taken medio-laterally, approximately 90° to a sensor temporarily affixed to the lateral surface of the mastoid process. Digital radiographs were analysed for signs of mastoiditis occurring pre- and/or post-puberty. Results: Two thirds of individuals (39/56) exhibited evidence of [...]

2019-06-11T11:28:01-06:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , |

Samantha Purchase first paper as lead author on BAP materials published in International Journal of Paleopathology!

Congratulations to Samantha Purchase, former BAP Master's student supervised by Dr. Angela Lieverse, on the publication of her first paper as lead author! The paper will appear in the September 2019 issue of the International Journal of Paleopathology, Volume 26, pages 22-26, and is now available online here!: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2019.05.006 Title: An innovative method to visualise mastoiditis using a hand-held X-ray system Authors: Samantha Purchase, Vladimir Bazaliiskii, Angela Lieverse ABSTRACT Objective: We explore the utility of using a hand-held X-ray system [...]

2019-06-10T11:52:25-06:00Categories: News|Tags: , |

Using δ2H in Human Bone Collagen to Correct for Freshwater 14C Reservoir Offsets: A Pilot Study from Shamanka II, Lake Baikal, Southern Siberia

There is increasing awareness of the need to correct for freshwater as well as marine reservoir effects when undertaking radiocarbon (14C) dating of human remains. Here, we explore the use of stable hydrogen isotopes (δ2H), alongside the more commonly used stable carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen isotopes (δ15N), for correcting 14C freshwater reservoir offsets in 10 paired human-faunal dates from graves at the prehistoric cemetery of Shamanka II, Lake Baikal, southern Siberia. Excluding one individual showing no offset, the average [...]

2019-03-25T21:28:19-06:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , , |

Dr. Ian Scharlotta articles published in AJHB and IJO

Great news! Ian Scharlotta, Gwenaelle Goude, Estelle Herrscher, Vladimir Bazaliiskii, and Andrzej Weber recently had 2 articles published! Info below. First paper published in the American Journal of Human Biology. Title: "Mind the gap"-Assessing methods for aligning age determination and growth rate in multi-molar sequences of dietary isotopic data. Abstract: Objectives: Creating multi‐tooth sequences of micro‐sampled stable isotope (SI) analytical data can help track 20+ years of individual dietary history. Inferences about individual and population level behavioral patterns require [...]

2019-03-25T21:05:39-06:00Categories: News|Tags: , , , |

Shifting weaning practices in Early Neolithic Cis‐Baikal, Siberia: New insights from stable isotope analysis of molar micro‐samples

Reconstructing individual dietary histories at Shamanka II, an Early Neolithic (7000–5700 cal. BP) Kitoi hunter‐gatherer cemetery in Cis‐Baikal, Siberia, revealed surprising intrapopulation variability in childhood diets. Stable isotope analytical data produced by micro‐sampled first molars identified changes in both the timing and rate of weaning for different individuals. Further, examination within the framework of a high‐resolution radiocarbon chronology identified shifting practices between two phases of cemetery use, and additional links with mortuary treatment that indicates differences relating to group [...]

2019-03-18T09:11:49-06:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , , |

“Mind the gap”—Assessing methods for aligning age determination and growth rate in multi‐molar sequences of dietary isotopic data

Creating multi‐tooth sequences of micro‐sampled stable isotope (SI) analytical data can help track 20+ years of individual dietary history. Inferences about individual and population level behavioral patterns require cross‐calibration of the timing of dietary changes recorded by each tooth. Dentin sections from contemporaneous tissues (eg, in M1 and M2) reflect dietary signature for the time of growth. Contemporary sections should produce similar values, allowing alignment of temporally overlapping portions of teeth into multi‐tooth sequences. Published methods for determining [...]

2019-03-22T14:16:28-06:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , , |

Evaluating sodium hydroxide usage for stable isotope analysis of prehistoric human tooth dentine

Analyzing carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes (δ13C and δ15N) in serial samples of human tooth dentine can aid in reconstructing life history events such as weaning and diet. As dentine does not remodel after formation, it retains the isotopic signatures of the foods ingested during a tooth's development, allowing investigation of the diet consumed during this time. Microsampling human archaeological tissues is becoming increasingly popular but no consensus has been reached on the best method to remove soil humates from such small [...]

Dr. Rick Schulting article in Radiocarbon

Congratulations to Dr. Rick Schulting and co-authors for the recent publication of their paper in Radiocarbon! Title: "Using δ2H in human bone collagen to correct for freshwater 14C reservoir offsets: A pilot study from Shamanka II, Lake Baikal, southern Siberia" Rick J Schulting • Christophe Snoeck • Ian Begley • Steve Brookes • Vladimir I Bazaliiskii• Christopher Bronk Ramsey • Andrzej Weber Radiocarbon, 2018, p. 1-12. Published online 18 July 2018. Abstract: There is increasing awareness of the need [...]

2019-03-14T11:59:54-06:00Categories: News|Tags: , , , |