PNAS 17 July 2018

Ancient human parvovirus B19 in Eurasia reveals its long-term association with humans

Mühlemann B, Margaryan A, de Barros Damgaard P, Allentoft ME, Vinner L, Hansen AJ, Weber A, Bazaliiskii VI, Molak M, Arneborg J, Bogdanowicz W, Falys C, Sablin M, Smrčka V, Sten S, Tashbaeva K, Lynnerup N, Sikora M, Smith DJ, Fouchier RAM, Drosten C, Sjögren K-G, Kristiansen K, Willerslev E, Jones TC

Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) is a ubiquitous human pathogen associated with a number of conditions, such as fifth disease in children and arthritis and arthralgias in adults. B19V is thought to evolve exceptionally rapidly among DNA viruses, with substitution rates previously estimated to be closer to those typical of RNA viruses. On the basis of genetic sequences up to ∼70 years of age, the most recent common ancestor of all B19V has been dated to the early 1800s, [...]

2020-06-30T11:02:15-06:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , |
Science 29 June 2018

The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asia

de Barros Damgaard P, Martiniano R, Kamm J, Moreno-Mayar JV, Kroonen G, Peyrot M, Barjamovic G, Rasmussen S, Zacho C, Baimukhanov N, Zaibert V, Merz V, Biddanda A, Merz I, Usmanova E, Loman V, Hemphill B, Seguin-Orlando A, Yediay FE, Ullah I, Sjögren KG, Iversen KH, Choin J, de la Fuente C, Ilardo M, Schroeder H, Moiseyev V, Gromov A, Polyakov A, Omura S, Senyurt SY, Ahmad H, McKenzie C, Margaryan A, Hameed A, Samad A, Gul N, Khokhar MH, Goriunova OI, Bazaliiskii VI, Novembre J, Weber AW, Orlando L, Allentoft ME, Nielsen R, Kristiansen K, Sikora M, Outram AK, Durbin R, Willerslev E

The Yamnaya expansions from the western steppe into Europe and Asia during the Early Bronze Age (~3000 BCE) are believed to have brought with them Indo-European languages and possibly horse husbandry. We analyzed 74 ancient whole-genome sequences from across Inner Asia and Anatolia and show that the Botai people associated with the earliest horse husbandry derived from a hunter-gatherer population deeply diverged from the Yamnaya. Our results also suggest distinct migrations bringing West Eurasian ancestry into South Asia [...]

2020-06-30T11:03:25-06:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , , |
Nature 09 May 2018

137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes

de Barros Damgaard P, Marchi N, Rasmussen S, Peyrot M, Renaud G, Korneliussen T, Moreno-Mayar JV, Pedersen MW, Goldberg A, Usmanova E, Baimukhanov N, Loman V, Hedeager L, Pedersen AG, Nielsen K, Afanasiev G, Akmatov K, Aldashev A, Alpaslan A, Baimbetov G, Bazaliiskii VI, Beisenov A, Boldbaatar B, Boldgiv B, Dorzhu C, Ellingvag S, Erdenebaatar D, Dajani R, Dmitriev E, Evdokimov E, Frei KM, Gromov A, Goryachev A, Hakonarson H, Hegay T, Khachatryan Z, Khashkhanov R, Kitov E, Kolbina A, Kubatbek T, Kukushkin A, Kukushkin I, Lau N, Margaryan A, Merkyte I, Mertz IV, Mertz VK, Mijiddorj E, Moiyesev V, Mukhtarova G, Nurmukhanbetov B, Orozbekova Zh, Panyushkina I, Pieta K, Smrčka V, Shevnina I, Logvin A, Sjögren K-G, Štolcová T, Tashbaeva K, Tkachev A, Tulegenov T, Voyakin D, Yepiskoposyan L, Undrakhbold S, Varfolomeev V, Weber A, Kradin N, Allentoft ME, Orlando L, Nielsen R, Sikora M, Heyer E, Kristiansen K, Willerslev E

For thousands of years the Eurasian steppes have been a centre of human migrations and cultural change. Here we sequence the genomes of 137 ancient humans (about 1× average coverage), covering a period of 4,000 years, to understand the population history of the Eurasian steppes after the Bronze Age migrations. We find that the genetics of the Scythian groups that dominated the Eurasian steppes throughout the Iron Age were highly structured, with diverse origins comprising Late Bronze Age [...]

2020-06-30T11:04:41-06:00Categories: Publications, Journal Articles|Tags: , , |

Victoria van der Haas et al. paper published in JASR

Congratulations to Victoria van der Haas, BHAP PhD candidate, and co-authors on the publication of their paper in Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports! Title: "Evaluating sodium hydroxide usage for stable isotope analysis of prehistoric human tooth dentine." Authors: Victoria M. van der Haas, Sandra Garvie-Lok, Vladimir I. Bazaliiskii and Andrzej W. Weber. Published in Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Volume 20, August 2018, Pages 80-86. Abstract: Analyzing carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes (δ13C and δ15N) in serial samples of [...]

2020-06-30T11:31:14-06:00Categories: News|Tags: , , |

Dr. Nour Moussa article in JAS: Reports

Dr. Nour Moussa would like to share her article in Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports with us! Title: "Y-chromosomal DNA analyzed for four prehistoric cemeteries from Cis-Baikal, Siberia" Abstract: The Lake Baikal region of Siberia was home to two temporally distinct populations from Early Neolithic, EN (7500–7000 cal BP) to Late Neolithic-Early Bronze Age, LN-EBA (5570–3725 cal BP). The EN group was separated from the LN-EBA group by a ~ 1500-year gap (hiatus), and during this hiatus no human remains have been [...]

2020-06-30T11:31:56-06:00Categories: News|Tags: , , |
Nünnerich-Asmus Verlag & Media 2017

Holocene Zooarchaeology of Cis-Baikal

Losey RJ and Nomokonova T (Eds.)

Archaeology in China and East Asia Volume 6 / Northern Hunter-Gatherers Research Series Volume 7 A joint project of the German Archaeological Institute and the University of Alberta, the monograph "Holocene Zooarchaeology of Cis-Baikal" was prepared by Drs. Robert Losey and Tatiana Nomokonova in cooperation twelve co-authors representing Archaeology and Geo-sciences in the BAP. We would like to thank the ACEA Series Editor Mayke Wagner, who contributed a lot of her time and energy in the final preparation [...]

University of Pennsylvania Press 2010

Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers of the Baikal Region, Siberia: Bioarchaeological Studies of Past Life Ways

Weber AW, Katzenberg MA, Schurr TG (Eds.)

A volume in the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology series Siberia's Lake Baikal region is an archaeologically unique and emerging area of hunter-gatherer research, offering insights into the complexity, variability, and dynamics of long-term culture change. The exceptional quality of archaeological materials recovered there facilitates interdisciplinary studies whose relevance extends far beyond the region. The Baikal Archaeology Project - one of the most comprehensive studies ever conducted in the history of subarctic archaeology - is [...]

Canadian Circumpolar Institute Press 2008

Khuzhir-Nuge XIV, a Middle Holocene Hunter-Gatherer Cemetery on Lake Baikal, Siberia: Archaeological Materials

Weber AW, Goriunova OI, McKenzie HG (Eds.)

Northern Hunter-Gatherers Research Series Volume 4 The fourth volume in the Baikal Archaeology Project's Northern Hunter-Gatherers Series presents comprehensive archaeological data from fieldwork conducted by the project a the mortuary site Khuzhir-Nuge XIV on Lake Baikal in Siberia. The BAP is a Major Collaborative Research Initiative of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), based at the University of Alberta and partnered with the University of Irkutsk. The goal of the BAP has been to [...]

Canadian Circumpolar Institute Press 2003

Prehistoric Foragers of the Cis-Baikal, Siberia

Weber A, McKenzie H (Eds.)

Northern Hunter-Gatherers Research Series Volume 1 The first volume of Northern Hunter-Gatherers: Research Series is dedicated to Hunter-Gatherer Culture Change and Continuity in the Middle Holocene of the Cis-Baikal, Siberia. From about 9000 to 3000 years BP, the Baikal area was successively inhabited by two major groups, the Kitoi, who date back to the Late Mesolithic and Early Neolithic, and the Serovo-Glazkovo, who date from the Middle through Late Neolithic to Bronze Age. A distinct feature is a [...]

2019-03-19T12:51:28-06:00Categories: Publications, Books & Monographs|Tags: , , , |